Politics & Security 2024-01-22T19:41:31+02:00 Ivan Tkach Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Focus and Scope:</strong> national security of the state and its components; public order; <span style="font-size: 0.875rem;">information security; cyber security;</span><span style="font-size: 0.875rem;"> economics; management; </span><span style="font-size: 0.875rem;">finance.</span></p> Activities of enterprises of the defence-industry complex of the countries of the Euro-Atlantic community: experience for Ukraine 2024-01-22T19:41:31+02:00 Volodymyr Basanets <p>The theoretical foundations of the activity of small and medium-sized enterprises in the defence industry of leading Western countries are considered. Since these enterprises are a crucial factor in innovation and economic growth, adapting relevant experience in Ukraine will create additional opportunities for increasing the stability and productivity of the domestic defence-industrial complex.</p> 2023-12-31T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Volodymyr Basanets New anti-corruption concept and challenges before the Bulgarian legal system 2024-01-21T16:23:52+02:00 Mladen Mladenov <p>Corruption is a very serious danger for any civilized society, democratic state, and legal subjects as a whole. The biggest threat is in its feature to vitiate normal functioning of public institutions – mostly the legislative, executive and judicial bodies.</p> <p>The EU legal framework on combating corruption is well organized and creates a strong base for the national legal systems of the member states to take appropriate measures in this field, with regard of national legal traditions and particularity.</p> <p>However, the transformations in the world in the last few years call for the need for a new legal framework in the area of anti-corruption. There is Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council in this regard. This is precisely why it is important for the legal certainty already at the preparatory stage to mark the challenges before the Bulgarian legal system, when the Directive will be adopted and the transposition period in national legislation will occur.</p> 2023-12-31T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Mladen Mladenov Criminal legal characteristics of a medical procedure 2024-01-21T16:40:37+02:00 Radovan Konečný <p>The provision of healthcare is inherently linked to interventions in the physical integrity of the patient, as well as interventions in their other rights, which occur during diagnostic, therapeutic, and nursing procedures as part of healthcare delivery. From the perspective of criminal law, the lawful provision of healthcare is reflected in circumstances that exclude unlawfulness.</p> 2023-12-31T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Radovan Konečný Protection of EU budgetary interests and security of financial management in the financial perspective 2014–2020 2024-01-20T18:33:43+02:00 Bogdan Kołcz <p>The EUʼs action in the field of budgetary control to protect the European Unionʼs (EU) financial interests is based on two principles: on the one hand, ensuring that the EU budget is properly spent and, on the other hand, protecting the EUʼs financial interests and combating fraud. The European Anti-Fraud Office (OLAF) is mandated to investigate fraud against the EU budget, corruption and serious irregularities and develops anti-fraud policies. The European Public Prosecutor's Office (EPPO) investigates, prosecutes and brings perpetrators to justice for crimes jeopardizing the EU budget. In order for citizens to be confident that their money is being used properly, the European Union must, together with the Member States, protect its financial interests. It is also important to monitor and control the activities of OLAF along with EPPO and to support their efforts to combat fraud and irregularities in the implementation of the EU budget.</p> 2023-12-31T00:00:00+02:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Bogdan Kołcz